The Upsilon Sigma Phi is the
oldest Greek-letter fraternity in Asia. Formed in 1918, it has no chapters
University of the Philippines.
It was formally organized on November 19, 1920 in a meeting held at the
Metropolitan Restaurant in
Four months later, on March 24, 1921, the Greek letters ΥΣΦ standing for the
initials of the name “University Students’ Fraternity” was formally adopted. In
the same year, the fraternity also completed its organisation with rituals
prepared by Graciano Q. Rico, motto (We gather light to scatter), colors
(cardinal red, old blue), and flower (pink rose). The head was known as the
Illustrious Fellow and the first honorary fellow, University Regent Conrado
Benitez, was inducted into the Fraternity. He wrote the Upsilon Hymn which later
would be sung before and after every formal meeting.
The Upsilon branched out to
and established a chapter there. It extended its reign of interest beyond
campus, to include national issues of the day, notably the attainment of
During World War II, some members took the field. Among the Upsilonians who gave
up their lives were
(former UP Student Council President, youngest delegate to the 1934
Constitutional Convention, and Governor of Camarines),
(Mayor of Angeles, Pampanga), and Jose
(Secretary of Justice and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court), all of whom were
executed for refusing to swear allegiance to the Japanese Empire.
Others stayed behind; most noteworthy of these was
(President of the Republic of the Philippines), who put his life at risk in
protecting the interests of the Filipino people while suffering rebuke from his
detractors who accused him of collaboration.
The administration of President
saw Upsilon members lead opposing sides in the leadership of the Philippines.
With the administration was Marcos, former Senate President
former Chief Justice
who after his retirement would be elected Speaker of the Batasang Pambansa, and
among many others. Leading the opposition were former senators
S. Aquino, Jr.,
Waging an ideological war from the mountains were members with the left such as
and Merardo Arce. After their deaths,
Southern Luzon and
Mindanao Commands would, in their honor, be
and the Merardo Arce Command respectively. Fighting for Muslim rights and
greater autonomy were Senators
Domocao A. Alonto
A. J. Tamano.
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Upsilon Sigma Phi. This article is licensed under the
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Wikipedia article "Upsilon